Round the Year Water Availability through Public Participation
Gunia is a small village in Gumla district of Jharkhand. The village is dominated by tribal population having agriculture their main livelihood. Earlier, the village did not have any source of irrigation except three nearly defunct ponds and cultivation of crops was restricted to wheat for 5-7 hectare, vegetables for 2-3 hectare and sugarcane for only 0.5-1 hectare. Hence, agriculture was totally rainfed and mono-cropped in nature and production was far below the required quantity. However, abundant natural resource in the form of a rivulet, Mahsaria (perennial in nature), flows across the village but utilization of river water for irrigation purpose was never given a comprehensive thought.
Implementation of NICRA
In implementing the NICRA project in Gunia village (affected by severe and regular drought), KVK, Gumla critically assessed the available resources to develop a workable plan of action towards improving agricultural situation of the village. Apart from human resources, the KVK also identified the abundant flow of river water which later became the prime source of development. Detailed and frequent interaction with the villagers finally convinced them to offer free labour (Shram Daan) in constructing check dam on the river to impound water with sand bags. It was also decided to partially arrest the river water at the end of monsoon by making sand bag check dam in the rivulet. Voluntary participation of 350 villagers was ensured for two days to build a sand-bag check dam for impounding river water at a minimal cost. The temporary sand-bag check dam helped in impounding large quality of water for its use during post-kharif and entire rabi season.