The book throws light on classification of pesticide active ingredients on the basis of their toxicity to non-target organism by latest WHO covering information on all the 230 pesticides registered in India as on May, 2011. It includes trade name, registered formulations, target pests and crops which they are applied to, dose of application, waiting period and their mode of action. Most important and valuable information, which is not available at one place, is the latest maximum residue limit (MRL) of almost all pesticides, fixed by ICMR (under Food Safety and Standards Act 2006), along with codex MRL (European standard) on various crops. Besides, it gives information on status and impact of pesticides, latest consumption of pesticides crop wise and state wise, status of hazardous pesticides (as per WHO) in other countries, various toxicity categories and decontamination methods of pesticides. It includes list of pesticide manufacturers/suppliers in our country. Safe handling of pesticides along with very important national issue on ‘label claims’ is also included in it. This book is useful to all the stakeholders of plant protection. The concept of classification of pesticide ingredients based on WHO is very useful and important in present day context. Most of the farmers and researchers are unaware of hazardous nature of pesticide molecules used in agriculture. Researchers are continuing their efforts to develop effective IPM packages, for which it is mandatory to know which pesticides are safe for plant protection measures. In this book an effort has been made to classify pesticide active ingredients on the basis of their toxicity to non-target organism by WHO. This book reviews the latest research in this field which is very informative and useful for all the concerned researchers, scientific community, institutions and NGOs across the country. It is hoped that this book would inculcate a kind of knowledge based support and enthusiasm for adopting pest management practices embedded with judicious use of pesticides in agriculture to have healthy crop with more production incurring with minimal environmental implications associated with pesticide usage.
Contents of the Book
Pesticides(Brief history, classification, mode of action of insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, nematicides, rodenticides and plant growth regulators); Regulation of pesticides (CIB, RC, CIL and various other Insecticide Act), Status and impact of pesticides on environment (Production, state wise and crop wise consumption of pesticides, adverse effects of pesticides on physical and biological environment); WHO ranking of pesticides based on their toxicity (Ranking of pesticides as per color code and lethal dose); WHO classification of pesticides based on their toxicity (WHO classification of registered pesticides, their trade names, registered formulations, target pest and crop to which they are applied, dose of application, waiting period and their mode of action. Most important and valuable information is the MRL (maximum residue limit) of almost all pesticides, as per Indian and European standards on various crops. They are categorized as Extremely hazardous, Highly hazardous, Moderately hazardous, Slightly hazardous, Obsolete pesticide, Unlikely to present acute hazard in normal use, and Pesticides not classified by WHO as per their hazard level); Pesticides with label claims for various crops (The list of pesticides with label claims is also provided, which can help in identifying relatively safer pesticides for use in IPM); Status of extremely and highly hazardous pesticides in other countries; Pesticide vs. poison (Pesticide labeling, dose and poison); Determination of pesticide toxicity categories (Toxicity categories based on LD50 values); Decontamination of Pesticides(Various physical and chemical methods for decontamination and detoxification); Safe handling of pesticides; List of pesticide manufacturer’s and suppliers in India; Conclusion; References; Annexures (Banned pesticides, Pesticides refused registration, Pesticides restricted for use in India, registered formulations along with biopesticides, pesticides used under public health & household, Symptoms, antidotes and first aid for Pesticide Poisoning); Endosulfan status (the burning issue).
Editors: Sumitra Arora, AK Kanojia and O.M. Bambawale
Published by: Director, Dr. O.M. Bambawale, National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, INDIA
Price: INR 500.00 / US$ 100
Publication Year: May, 2011