22nd November 2016, New Delhi
The 4th International Agronomy Congress convened by Indian Society of Agronomy was inaugurated here today.
Dr. M. S. Swaminathan graced the occasion as Chief Guest. He stressed upon the need for judicious use of resources, conservation and nutrient and product based strategy of food production system. He also stressed upon that, it is the agronomist who can realize potential yield of any variety through better agronomic management practice. He cited the example of stubble burning in northern India as one of the example of wastage of resources, which otherwise could be turned to wealth to the last bit, if managed properly. Dr. Swaminathan urged the gathering to act fast and recommend package of practices in real time to address the need of the hour.
Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra , Secretary (DARE) & Director General (ICAR); Dr. R. S. Paroda, former , Secretary (DARE) & Director General (ICAR); Dr. John Dixon, Principal Advisor, ACIAR, Canberra, Australia and Dr. Paul E. Fixen, President, American Society of Agronomy were Guests of Honour of the inaugural session.
Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra urged the expert of the world to define the sustainability parameters and work out sustainability indices which will ease the way to calibrate different farming systems and to customize them for different situations. He reminded about the recognition of oneness of the nature and to face the challenge of bringing zero hunger world experts must have holistic approach of research. He urged the gathering to bring out some declaration in form of recommendations for the agriculturists of the world. Dr. Mohapatra emphasized on agronomy of new plant types and perennial crops including horticultural crops, particularly under rainfed conditions. He desired that, effective solutions for rice residue burning in Punjab and Haryana through conservation agronomic technologies should be developed. He also advocated refinement and standardization of agricultural technologies recommended by the scientists through multi-locational testing and verification.
Dr. John Dixon expressed the need for conserving the water resources for agriculture and industries and integration of agronomists and experts from other fields of science. Dr. Fixen related the goals of agronomic research and the need to reach the grass root level of food production system. According to him both India and US faces many common problems in agriculture, though the socio-economic level and the scales may be different.
Dr. Paul Fixen stressed on quality science in agronomy and application of the technologies developed for solving the problems of farming community.
Dr. R. S. Paroda praised the resilience of Indian agriculture and related the need for balanced approach in nutrition of plants as well as people, need for small farm mechanization and the need for the shift in research focus from crop oriented one to farming system oriented one, focus in innovation in conservation agriculture.
Dr. Gurbachan Singh, Chairman, ASRB, ICAR and President, Indian Society of Agronomy in his welcome address detailed the gathering about the theme of the Congress. The disenchantment with agriculture as a livelihood is one of the biggest problem that developing economies face. He informed about four special sessions including two dedicated for youth and agriculture and enhancing farmers’ income to address the issues.
Dr. Ravinder Kaur, Director, IARI expressed the need of stemming the degradation of arable lands, about 2 billion hectares across the globe and rethinking about conversion of fertile tracts to non-agricultural use. The accelerating trend of natural resource erosion and unforeseen cumulative irreversible harm need to be duly addressed. She stressed upon the synchronous and harmonious management of agriculture and supporting biosphere.
1000 delegates from over 20 countries of the world are participating in the Congress.
(Source: IARI, Media Cell)