September 12- 14, 2005
All India Coordinated Project for Research on Forage Crops
Annual Group Meeting on Rabi Forages
All India Coordinated Project for Research on forage crops' (Rabi) Annual Group Meeting Group Meeting was held during 12th to 14th September, 2005 at Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner. The Annual Group Meeting was inaugurated by Dr. Parmatma Singh, Vice Chancellor, RAU, Bikaner. About 100 participants from all over the country including Dr. P.S. Pathak, Director, IGFRI, Dr. S.N. Shukla, ADG(Crops) , Dr. M.P. Sahoo, Director Research, RAU, Bikaner, Senior Faculty Members, Deans, Directors from the RAU and also from the ACRIP Centres and ICRISAT participated.
Some of the important recommendations of the workshop are as under-:
- Varieties identified:
|Name of crop
||Name of the variety
||North Western Plain and North hill zone
||BL 180 has been found to be promising due to its consistent superiority for green fodder, dry matter and seed yield over the check varieties.
||JHO 99-1 (single cut)
||North hill zone
||JHO 99-1 has been found promising under single cut system and found superior over the check varieties. It is also moderately to resistant against leaf blight.
||National level across the zones
||RO-19 has been found promising under multi cut system and found superior over the check varieties at national level across the zones . This is also found tolerant to leaf blight disease and suitable for multi cut system
- Breeders Seed Production:
The indent for production of breeder seed of Rabi forage crops, viz., Oats, Berseem, Lucerne and Chinese cabbage during Rabi 2004-05 received from DAC was for the 24 varieties (8-varieties of Oats, 9-varieties of Berseem, 6-varieties of Lucerne and 1-variety of Chinese cabbage). The total quantity indented was 240.95q of seed against this, a total production of 404.45q breeder seed was produced which was more than about 70% of the indent.
- Production Technology
- Significantly higher net monetary return was realized with the crop sequences like Guar (F)+ Pearl millet (F) - Oats - Cowpea (F) at Bikaner, Rice-Mustard-Groundnut at Kalyani, Pearl millet (F) - Oat - Maize (F) + Cowpea (F)at Jorhat. NB Hybrid + Cowpea/Lucerne at Anand, NB Hybrid (Perennial) at Vellayani and Coimbatore.
- Berseem recorded significantly higher forage yield (990 q/ha) when sown with the seed rate of 40 kg/ha in standing rice crop with no tillage at Faizabad.
- At Ludhiana, application of Pendimathalln @ 1.25 kg a.i./ha PE recorded significantly higher weed control efficiency in Shaftal crop with substantial reduction in Poa annua.
A. The IPM modules in Lucerne for seed production has been standardized which consisted of :
- Transplanting of marigold seedlings 0.5 m apart around and inner border one month after sowing.
- Sowing of castor 3 m apart around and inner border at time of sowing.
- Spraying of neem seed extract @ 5% + mancozeb @ 0.2% at the time of flowering.
- Spraying of HNPV @ 250 LE/ha followed by mancozeb 0.2% (if necessary) at the appearance of more than 2 larvae/m2 of Helicoverpa/Spodoptera.
- Spraying of neem seed extract @ 5%.
B. IPM module for perennial lucerne forage production:
The module consisted of soil application of Fym @ 5t/ha + seed treatment with Trichoderma harvzianum @ 5 gm/kg + late winter and early summer spray of NSKE @ 5% + Dithane M-450.259. Kharif season spraying Deltamethrine 0.0075% and carbendazim.