28th September 2022, Hyderabad
A National Seminar on “Harnessing the Potential of panchabhutas (tatvas) for Sustainable Climate Resilient Rainfed Agriculture” was inaugurated at ICAR-Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad today. The Seminar was organised in association with Bharatiya Agro Economic Research Centre, New Delhi, and Indian Society of Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad in a Hybrid mode.
The Chief Guest, Swami Shitikantananda, Ramakrishna Math, Hyderabad mentioned that panchabhutas are never inanimate and are the forces controlled by the deities. Soil is not a resource but a legacy that we inherited from our ancestor and to be handed over to the future generations safely. He urged the farmers to decrease the use of pesticides as it involves violence against beneficial insects like bees and butterflies and advised them to follow and promote non-chemical agriculture.
Dr. M.C. Varshneya, Former Vice-Chancellor, Kamadhenu University and Anand Agricultural University mentioned that when panchabhutas are in harmonious balance, crop production is bountiful. Disruption of this balance leads to crop stresses that lower production and deterioration of soil, water and air quality, he said. Dr. Varshneya emphasised that climate change is one such disruptor that alters the ‘energy’ in the plant environment and the balancing of the panchabhutas neutralizes the impacts of climate change and leads to climate resilient agriculture.
Dr. Pramod Chaudhari, President, Bharatiya Agro Economic Research Centre said our ancestors had a deep understanding of panchabhutas, the five elements, and how they affect every aspect of human life, including agriculture.
Dr. Dinesh Kulkarni, General Secretary, Bharatiya Kisan Sangh opined that harmonious use of natural resources and avoiding their overexploitation would maintain the ecological balance. Harnessing the synergy of the panchabhutas based on an understanding of their interrelationships leads to wellbeing of agriculture, ecosystems, individuals and communities.
Dr A. K. Singh, Former DDG (NRM) and Vice-Chancellor, RVSKVV noted that soil health is the most important factor and healthy soils will lead to healthy nation and further emphasized that the quality of the water will decide the nutritional quality of the crop.
Earlier, Dr V.K. Singh, Director, ICAR-CRIDA, emphasized the importance of Panchabhutas viz, Kshiti, Pawak, Sameer, Jal and Gagan in sustainable rainfed agriculture. He further mentioned that crop production is essentially harnessing of sun’s ‘energy’, by plants growing in ‘soil’ using carbon dioxide from ‘air’, and ‘water’.
Dr. K. Sammi Reddy, Head and Organizing Secretary, National Seminar explained the purpose of the seminar. The current seminar is the eighth one among the series of fourteen seminars under the Sufalam series.
About 300 stakeholders including scientists, research workers, farmers and students participated in the National Seminar.
(Source: ICAR-Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad)