Development of two superior chickpea varieties by genomics assisted breeding

20th September, 2019, New Delhi

The ICAR-All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Chickpea released the 2 Chickpea varieties -“Pusa Chickpea - 10216” and “Super Annigeri - 1” during the 24th Annual Group Meet held at the Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi (Jharkhand) today.

Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary (DARE) & DG (ICAR) regarded the initiative as a success story of collaboration of the ICAR Institutes, State Agricultural Universities and International Organizations like ICRISAT. Dr. Mohapatra stated that such genomic interventions in the breeding will enhance much required crop productivity in the legume crops like Chickpea by building the resilience to the climate change induced stresses of different kinds.

The Director General underlined about the capitalization on the new strategy by the ICAR for breeding 24 new high yielding varieties in the other crops. He mentioned that the current focus on new high yielding varieties in Chickpea is expected to enhance the much needed pulse productivity in the country.

Dr. Peter Carberry, Director General, ICRISAT expressed his gratitude on the outputs of the collaboration of ICAR, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur and ICRISAT in the form of improved varieties. Dr. Carberry emphasized that the collaborative efforts of ICRISAT with its partners will be benefitting the smallholder farmers not only in India, but also in sub-Saharan Africa too.

Pusa Chickpea 10216

  • “Pusa Chickpea 10216”, a drought tolerant variety was developed by the Chickpea Breeding & Molecular Breeding team led by Dr. Bharadwaj Chellapilla from ICAR- IARI in collaboration with the Genomics Team led by Dr. Rajeev K. Varshney from ICRISAT.
  • The variety has been developed after introgression “QTL-hotspot” in the genetic background of Pusa - 372 with the help of molecular markers.
  • Pusa - 372 is a leading chickpea variety grown in the Central Zone, North East Plains Zone and North West Plains Zone and used as check (Control variety) for late sown conditions in the National trials and was developed by the ICAR-IARI in the Year - 1993. However, the production of this variety had gone down.
  • Therefore, to replace this variety, “QTL-hotspot” containing genes for drought tolerance in ICC 4958 genotype of chickpea, reported in the Year - 2014, was introgressed in Pusa – 372 background using the molecular breeding.
  • The new variety “Pusa Chickpea - 10216” has an average grain yield of 1,447 kg/ha with over 11% yield superiority over the recurrent check variety Pusa - 372 under the moisture stress condition of the Central Zone of India.
  • The average maturity duration of this variety is 110 days and it has an excellent grain color and weighs around 22.2 g per 100 seeds.
  • It is moderately resistant to Fusarium wilt, dry root rot and stunt diseases of chickpea and has been identified for release in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.

Dr. Bharadwaj Chellapilla, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi said identification of Pusa Chickpea - 10216 as the first molecular breeding variety for the drought tolerance for the commercial release in India.

    Chickpea Varieties 10216

Super Annigeri 1

Super Annigeri 1

  • The variety “Super Annigeri 1” has been developed by University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur (Karnataka) and in collaboration with ICRISAT.
  • It has been developed by introgression resistance segment for Fusarium wilt from WR 315 genotype of chickpea in the genetic background of Annigeri- 1, an old; but, leading chickpea variety of Karnataka State.
  • Super Annigeri-1 variety has an average grain yield of 1,898 kg/ha and has recorded about 7% increase in yield over Annigeri-1 and is highly resistant to Fusarium wilt disease, an important yield reducing factor in South India.
  • This variety has an average maturity period of 95-110 days and has semi-erect plant type and attractive seed size of 18-20 g per 100 seeds.
  • The variety has been identified for release in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat. 

Dr. Rajeev K. Varshney, Research Programme Director & Leader, Genomics Research Team comprising of Dr. T. Mahendar and Dr. Manish Roorkiwal and others at ICRISAT played a key role in leading the genomics-assisted breeding programmes for above mentioned two varieties.

Dr. N.P. Singh, Director, ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur highlighted about the starting of the of the genomics research integration in breeding programmes in association with ICRISAT.

Dr. G.P. Dixit, Coordinator, ICAR-AICRP on Chickpea stated that the Project has become the first AICRP in the pulses crops for identifying the molecular breeding products for the commercial release in India.

 

(Source: ICAR-All India Coordinated Research Project on Chickpea, Kanpur)