Weather Based Agro Advisory

Western Disturbance and associated weather

  • The present Western Disturbance as an upper air cyclonic circulation now lies over Jammu & Kashmir and adjoining north Pakistan with a trough aloft roughly along Longitude 73.0°E and north of Latitude 32.0°N. It is likely to cause isolated to scattered precipitation over Western Himalayan Region during next 48 hours. Due to eastward movement of his system there will be a change in lower level wind pattern over Northwest India which will result into fall in minimum temperatures by 2­3°C over Northwest India and adjoining Central and West India during next 2­3 days.
  • Shallow to moderate fog observed at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, West Uttar Pradesh, Sub­ Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Assam & Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram and Coastal Andhra Pradesh. The visibility observed <200 Mat Gulmarg, Kalpa, Ludhiana, Coochbehar, Halflong, Vishakhapatnam and<500 M at eerut, Imphal, Lengpui,Bapatla, Machilipatnam during morning hours of today.
  • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.

Main Weather Observations  
Rainfall (from 0830 hours IST of yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today): Rainfall/snow occurred at most places over Jammu & Kashmir and at many places over places over Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand. Rainfall/thundershower occurred at many places over Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Sub­ Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram & Tripura. The amount of rainfall (in cm) recorded at 0830 hours IST of today is: Majbat­ 7; Baderwah, Manali, Cherrapunji and Tezpur­ 5; Golaghat, Pahalgaon and Kokarnag ­4; Dibrugarh, Banihal and North­ Lakhimpur ­3; and Batote, Jammu, Bhuntar, Passighat, Itanagar, Pet­Jorhat, Silchar and Tangla­ 2 each; Halflong, Imphal and Shimla ­1 each.
Minimum temperatures are observed <5.0°C at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir and isolated places over Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand; <10.0°C at isolated places over Rajasthan, Sub­ Himalayan West engal & Sikkim, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tamilnadu.
Minimum temperature departures as on 21.02.2017: Minimum temperatures are appreciably below normal (­3.0°C to­5.0°C) at isolated places over Tamilnadu; below normal (­1.6°C to ­3.0°C) at a few places over Telangana, Pudducherry. Theyare markedly above normal (5.0°C or more)at a few places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi; at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sub ­Himalayan West Bengal & Sikkim; appreciably above normal (3.0°C to 5.0° C) at most places over Uttar Pradesh, East Rajasthan and West Madhya Pradesh; at many places over rest Punjab, Bihar, rest Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Bihar, Gujarat region, Gangetic West Bengal, Odisha, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram& Tripura; at a few places over Saurashtra  Kutch; above normal (1.6° C to 3.0° C)at a few places over East Madhya Pradesh, Konkan & Goa Coastal Karnataka and Kerala at isolated places over rest Tamilnadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands and near normal over rest of the country. The Lowest minimum temperature of 7.5°C recorded at Phalodi (West Rajasthan)in the plains of the country.
Maximum temperature departures as on 20.02.2017: Maximum temperatures were markedly above normal (5.1°C or more)at most places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi ; at many places over east Rajasthan; at a few places over Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Vidarbha ; at isolated laces ver Himachal Pradesh and Saurashtra &Kutch; appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C)at most places over Jharkhand; at many places over Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Maharashtra, Marathwada and Telangana and Rayalaseema; at a few places over West Rajasthan, Bihar, Odisha, Gujarat region and north Interior Karnataka and at isolated places over West Bengal & Sikkim, Konkan & Goa and Coastal Andhra Pradesh; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at many places over South Interior Karnataka; at a few places over Tamilnadu and Kerala at isolated places over Andaman & Nicobar Islands and near normal over rest of the country. They were markedly below normal (­5.1°C or less ) at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya and appreciably below normal( ­3.1°C to ­5.0°C)at isolated places over Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
Weather warning for next 5 days

  • 22 February (Day 5): No weather warning.
  • 23 February (Day 4): No weather warning.
  • 24 February (Day 5): No weather warning.
  • 25 February (Day 4): No weather warning.
  • 26 February (Day 4): No weather warning.
  • The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 22 to 29 February 2017 forecasted (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from rain/thundershower would occur over Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Nicobar Islands. (Fig. 2).

  • Agricultural activities
    Jammu & Kashmir
    Weather condition:
                              Clear weather observed over Ranchi, Jharkhand State during past few days. The maximum temperature remained around normal and ranged from 28.0 to 30°C. The minimum temperature found variable and ranged from 13 to 15°C.
    Contingency measures:

    • Summer Rice: Farmers having 21 days old seedlings may start transplanting. Before transplanting, field may be ploughed repeatedly (for puddling) and apply 18 kg D.A.P., 11 kg Urea and 14 kg Muriate of Potash per acre at the time of final preparation of the field. Plant 2 - 3 seedlings at a spacing of 20 cm (Row to Row) and 15 cm (Plant to Plant). Broadcast urea in 10 - 12 days old seedlings @ 2 kg per 10 dismil of nursery bed and maintain the soil moisture of nursery bed.
    • Wheat: Timely sown crops are at heading stage and this stage is very much sensitive of moisture stress. Hence, irrigate the field as per the status of soil moisture. Potato:: Early to medium duration variety of potato matures with in 80-120 days. Farmers are advised to remove the upper leaves/parts (Dehaulming) of the crop, before 7 - 10 days of digging.
    • Mung(Green gram) : After digging of potato farmers may sow the mung in case they have limited irrigation facility. Select improved variety of mung S.M.L.- 668 and sow the seed @ 12 kg per acre.
    • Vegetable: Control the attack of pumpkeen beetle immediately in cucurbitaceous plant. The development stage of these insects takes place in the soil of the field and thereafter adult insects climbs on plant and sucks the sap of the leaves. Hence, wet the soil near the root zone of the plant with the insecticide Chlorpyriphos (4 ml. per liter of water) and also spray the same insecticide on plant @ 2 ml. per liter of water. In absence of the insecticide, broadcast the wood ash mixed with kerosin oil on the plant during early morning. Farmers wishing to cultivate summer vegetables may proceed for seeding immediately. 4 - 5 seeds should be sown in each peat and a light irrigation should be provided before seeding and peat should be covered by straw to maintain heat and moisture. Stem and Fruit borer in brinjal crops can be controlled by using Feromon Trap without use of chemical insecticides. 10 Feromon trap should be installed in one acre for effective control of the insects.
    • Fish Rearing :: Now the temperature is increasing day by day and it will favour the growth of fishes. Hence, add cow dung and lime in the pond as a natural foods for fishes and alternative feeds may also be used like Rice Bran and Mustard cake (each of 5 kg per day per acre area of pond).

(Source:Email:, CRIDA, Hyderabad )

Updated on 21-02-2017 05:35 PM

Weather Based Agro Advisory 2014