Weather Based Agro Advisory


  • Heat Wave Watch

    • On 25.04.2016: Heat wave conditions prevailed at a few places over Rayalaseema & Bihar; at isolated places over Odisha, Gangetic West Bengal and Telangana.

    Thunderstorm Watch

    • Thunderstorm observed at isolated places over Assam between 0830 hours IST yesterday to 0830 hours IST of today.

    Main Weather Observations (IMD)

    • Rain has occurred at many places over Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; at isolated places over South Interior Karnataka, Kerala & Tamilnadu.
    • On 26.04.2016: Minimum temperatures are appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at a few places over North Interior Karnataka, Telangana, Tamilnadu, West Bengal & Sikkim, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura; at isolated places over Odisha & Marathawada; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Rayalaseema; at many places over Coastal Andhra Pradesh & Kerala; at a few places over rest West Madhya Pradesh, Saurashtra & Kutch, Tamilnadu, Lakshadweep, Assam & Meghalaya; at isolated places over Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand & South Interior Karnataka. They are appreciably below normal (3.1°C to5.0°C) at many places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi; at a few places over Himachal Pradesh; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Punjab; at many places over Konkan & Goa; at a few places over Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Bihar, rest Assam & Meghalaya and at isolated places over Uttar Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Maharashtra and near normal over rest of the country.
    • On 25.04.2016: Maximum temperatures were appreciably above normal (3.1°C to 5.0°C) at most places over Telangana & Rayalaseema; at many places over Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal & Sikkim; at a few places over Himachal Pradesh and Odisha; at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya, Tamilnadu and Kerala; above normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at most places over Chhattisgarh & Interior Karnataka; at many places over Uttarakhand, Marathwada, rest Tamilnadu, Coastal Andhra Pradesh and rest Kerala; at a few places over East Uttar Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Maharashtra & Vidarbha and at isolated places over Punjab, northwest Rajasthan and West Uttar Pradesh. They were appreciably below normal (3.1° C to5.0° C) at isolated places over Gujarat; below normal (1.6°C to 3.0°C) at isolated places over West Madhya Pradesh and near normal over rest parts of the country.
    • The highest maximum temperature of 46.0°C was recorded at Titlagarh (Odisha) in the country.
    • The images showing the latest satellite picture in figure. 1.

    Weather warning during next 5 days (IMD)

    • 26 April (Day 1): Heat wave conditions very likely at isolated places over Bihar, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal, Odisha, Telangana and Rayalaseema. Dust/thunderstorm likely at isolated places over Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall/hail likely at isolated places over Odisha.
    • 27 April (Day 2): Heat wave conditions very likely at isolated places over Bihar, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal, Odisha, Telangana & Rayalaseema.
    • 28 April (Day 3): Heat wave conditions very likely at isolated places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal & Odisha. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall/hail likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura. Heavy rain very likely at isolated places over Assam & Meghalaya.
    • 29 April (Day 4): Heat wave conditions very likely at isolated places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal & Odisha. Thunderstorm accompanied with squall/hail likely at isolated places over Vidarbha, Assam & Meghalaya and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram & Tripura.
    • 30 April (Day 5): Heat wave conditions very likely at isolated places over Haryana, Chandigarh & Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Gangetic West Bengal & Odisha.

    The weather outlook for the period of seven days i.e. 26 April to 3 May 2016 forecasted  (Provided by Real-Time Weather Forecasts from NOAA/NCEP collected from  ttp://monsoondata.org/wx2/) rain/thundershower would occur over Jammu & Kashmir, east India, Western Himalayan region  and northeastern states. (Fig.
    .

Agricultural activities  (AICRPAM-CRIDA)
Jammu & Kashmir:
            Mainly clear weather prevailed in Jammu & Kashmir state during past few days. Both maximum and minimum temperatures remained variable and ranged from 28.0 to 37.8°C 0C and 14.8 to 19.8°C, respectively.
Contingency measure:

  • Wheat: Organize rat control campaign around the field and make preparation for harvesting. Oilseeds Mustard Physiological maturity. Farmers are advised to harvest matured crop if 75-80 percent of the pods (Siliqua) turn brown in colour. The bundles of the harvested plants should be kept in stack for 3-4 days with head upwards before threshing.
  • Pulses: Farmers may go for sowing of Mash (var.) Pant U-19, Uttara and moong (var.) PDM-54, ML-131, ML 818, PS-16, PS-7 in irrigated areas. Monitor for powdery mildew disease and if observed spray Karathane 50 g in 25 litres of water per kanal. Monitor Gram and Lentil crop at regular intervals for attack of Pod borer. Spray Cypermethrin @ 1.5 ml/1liter of water or Chloropyriphos 20 EC @ 2.0 ml /liter of water if pod borer is observed in gram.
  • Fodder Summer fodder: Sowing of summer fodder (maize+cowpea+charri) and bajra can be undertaken. Stop fodder cutting for quality production of barseem seed.
  • Floriculture : Farmers can resort to nursery land preparation for summer annuals. Add 5kg FYM/ m2 at the time of land preparation. Winter annuals: (Gladiolus Chrysanthemum Ornithogalum/Rose Seed harvesting) Harvesting of corms Bud formation full bloom collect seeds from winter annuals (Calendula, Pansy etc.) which are at harvesting stage. Digging out of ready Gladiolus corms may be taken up within 1-2 days from the field. Spray imidacloprid @ o.1% if aphid attack is observed. Hoeing and weeding is recommended.
  • Vegetables: Weeding hoeing and staking is recommended. Spray thiomethoxam @ 0.5gm/lt of water to protect plants from beetle attack. Spray mancozeb @ 2.5gm/lt of water to control anthracnose. Give 2-3 sprays at 10-15 days interval. To control early blight spray mancozeb @ 2.5gm/lt of water and to control leaf curl, apply imidacloprid @ 0.5% to check the propagation of white fly which is the vector of disease Farmers may go for weeding and hoeing. To control fruit borer, Install pheromone traps @5/acre or spray cypermethrin 10EC @ 1ml/lt of water.
  • Horticulture: Drench guava basins with carbendazim @ 1gm/lt of water to check guava wilt in young plants and dieback in bearing guava plants. Whitewash trunks with lime and copper sulphate mixture against fungal diseases on clear sunny day. Spray methyl parathion @ 1ml/lt water against mango scales. Spray copper oxychloride @ 3gm/lt of water to control dieback, gummosis and canker and Dimethoate @ 1mg/lt to control leaf miner, citrus psylla and lemon butterfly in citrus.
  • Apiculture : Migrate bee colonies near to floral resources. Prepare colonies for honey flow. It is the right time to start bee keeping especially for beginners as pollen and nectar are in plenty and bee activity is at its peak.
  • Fisheries : Farmers should go for harvesting/sale of marketable size fish and fresh stocking of fish seed. Before stocking pre-stocking management practices are recommended. Dewatering of fish ponds followed by sun drying in order to kill/destroy all unwanted organisms.
  • Live stock: Add calcium supplement in the diet of dairy animals and heifers especially fed rice straw these days to prevent calcium deficiency and intestinal blockage. Sheeps and goats need to be vaccinated against Sheep and Goat pox. Black Quarter vaccination must be carried among heifers above 4 month age.

(Source:Email: pc-agromet@crida.in, CRIDA, Hyderabad )

Updated on 26-04-2016 05:35 PM

Weather Based Agro Advisory 2014