Financial Management and Cost Accounting

Introduction: Definition, scope and objectives of financial management. Different Systems of Accounting: Financial Accounting, Cost accounting, Management Accounting. Doubles entry system of Book-Keeping. Preparation of Accounting Records: Journal, Purchases and Sales Book and Posting in Ledger, Cash Book. Preparation of Final Accounts and adjustments at the end of trading period. Preparation of Trial Balance Banking Transactions and Bank reconciliation statements. Statements of Financial Information: Accounting system: A source of financial statements, Classification of capital and revenue expenditure, Balance Sheet, Profit and Loss Account, Statement of changes in the financial position, funds flow statements, cash flow statement, uses of funds flow and cash flow statements in financial decision making. Financial Analysis : Nature and uses of financial analysis, Liquidity ratios, Leveratge ratios, Activity ratios, Profitability ratios, Utility of Ratio analysis. Cost Volume – Profit analysis and operating leverage, Break-even analysis, Profit analysis and operating analysis, Utility of CVP analysis. Capital Structure: C.S Planning, risk return trade off, financial leverage. Cost of capital: Management of cost of capital, cost of debt, debentures, preference share capital, equity share capital & retained earning, overall cost of capital. Investment decision : Time value of money, Net present value, Investment evaluation criteria, NPV method, Internal rate of return method, Profitability index method, Pay back period method, Accounting rate of return method. Capital budgeting: Complex Investment Decisions: Investment timing & duration Investment decisions under inflation, Investment decisions under capital rationing. Project Report; Feasibility Report Valuation. Working capital management- Concept & determinants of working capital, Estimating working capital needs. Depreciation – Concept and method. Introduction, Definition, Objectives, Common terms. Costing : Essentials of sound costing system. Different methods of costing, elements of cost : Labour- recording of time, idle time, methods of remunerating labour, Premium & Bonus Plans, Materials, Overheads. Cost classification : Direct and Indirect expenses, fixed and variable costs. Various methods of apportioning indirect expenses. Inventory Management: Planning, control and costing. Stores & storekeeping, scope & importance, purchase procedure, types of purchase, location of stores & materials, procedure for the movement of stores, different methods of pricing materials, store records. Cost Sheets-Different methods, Statement of cost and statement of profit estimates, Tenders or Quotations. Contract or Terminal costing. Process Costing: Process losses and inter-process profits, joint products and by products costing. Ascertainment of cost of milk production. Preparation of Cost Account Information for managerial decisions.