Biofortified Varieties: Sustainable Way to Alleviate Malnutrition

Biofortified Varieties:Nutritious diet is vital for proper growth and development in
humans. It helps preventing diseases, besides maintaining the
body metabolism for physical- and mental- well being. Food
provides energy, protein, essential fats, vitamins, antioxidants
and minerals to meet our daily metabolic requirement. Most
of them cannot be synthesized in human body, therefore are
to be supplemented through diet. Further, anti-nutritional
factors present in edible parts of the food exert adverse affects
on human health. Consumption of unbalanced foods affects
billions of people worldwide, and leads to poor health and
socio-economic conditions. So far, the focus has been on the
development of high yielding varieties primarily to feed the
ever increasing populations. Indian Council of Agricultural
Research (ICAR) has improved the nutritional quality in high
yielding varieties of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables and
fruits. Till now more than 5600 varieties of different crops have
been released of which no. of biofortified varieties is negligible.
These biofortified varieties assume great significance to achieve
nutritional security of the country.

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